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Antidipressants in the online store
Antidepressants are psychotropic drugs that are used to treat depression, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic syndromes and other mental disorders. In a depressed patient, they improve mood, reduce or relieve anguish, lethargy, apathy, anxiety and emotional stress, increase mental activity, normalize the phase structure and duration of sleep, appetite.
Indications for the use of drugs for depression
- constant feeling of tiredness;
- general weakness
- decreased performance
- increased irritability
- internal stress and anxiety;
- vegetative manifestations (palpitations, shortness of breath, nausea, dry mouth, dizziness);
- constant pain in various parts of the body: head, back, chest, abdomen or throughout the body;
- sleep disturbance;
- appetite and body weight disorders;
- decreased sex drive;
- menstrual disorders.
Only a doctor should prescribe and control their intake.
Today, the funds of this group are used not only in psychiatric practice, but also in the practice of neurologists and therapists. Neurologists prescribe antidepressants to treat depressive conditions in neurological patients, chronic pain syndromes and neuropathic pain, panic attacks, eating disorders, premenstrual tension syndrome, and preventive therapy for migraine.
The most difficult task for a neurologist is to identify the depressive disorders that often accompany neurological diseases. Diagnostic difficulties depend on the prevalence of atypical, masked depressions, mild or moderate severity or chronic subclinical variants in neurological and somatic practice that are objectively difficult to recognize.
The main types of drugs for depression
Modern drugs designed to treat depressive conditions are divided into several groups:
MAO inhibitors. They block the enzyme monoamine oxidase, which destroys serotonin. with a disturbed synthesis of new serotonin in a person taking MAOI, there is more mediator in the synapses.
Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. In addition to depression, mood disorders and emotions, these drugs are also used to treat ADHD, obstructive-compulsive disorder, menopause disorders, and chronic neuropathic pain. The drugs block the capture and processing of serotonin and norepinephrine, so that mediators remain in the minisynaptic space longer.
Norepinephrine and specific serotonergic antidepressants. They are used to treat depression and anxiety disorders. They have a number of side effects: constipation, dry mouth, drowsiness, blurred vision, cramps, loss of consciousness, change in blood count.
The most popular antidepressants have almost no side effects, can be used for a long time, without affecting life. They selectively interact with serotonin in the brain, therefore, sufficiently small doses of the drug are enough for a good effect. One of the possible side effects is an increase in appetite.
Tricyclic antidepressants. In their structure are three biochemical rings. They are used for depression, chronic pain, anxiety.
Each of these types of drugs for depression is in demand by doctors, since it is important to choose the drug that will work in a particular case. Often they start with one drug, and the dose or the drug itself is adjusted by the method of symptom analysis.